Root-knot nematode: life cycle

Symptoms

They enter plant roots, cause distinct root knots and severe deformation on the roots, preventing the plant from absorbing water and nutrients effectively, stunting plant growth and damaging root systems. Nematodes drain plant photosynthates and nutrients, are stunted, chlorotic, wilt easily and are not productive. Infection in young plants may kill the plants, while in a mature crop, the yield and quality are reduced. Root-knot nematodes feed through a retractable stylet which is used for piercing and feeding.

Management

An Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programme involving monitoring of nematode populations, cultural practices, biological control agents and chemical nematicides.

Root-Knot Nematode Life Cycle

Botrytis Life Cycle

Downy Mildew Life Cycle

Powdery Mildew Life Cycle

Caterpillar Life Cycle

Mealybug Life Cycle

Root-Knot Nematode Life Cycle

Spider Mite Life Cycle

Whitefly Life Cycle